An Indian missionary charity falsely portrayed young Buddhist girls from Nepal as "orphans" of murdered Christians in a global fund-raising operation involving British and American churches.
Parents paid a child-trafficker more than £100 to take their daughters to good schools in Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, but instead they were taken more than 1,200 miles to Tamil Nadu, southern India.At the Michael Job Centre, a Christian orphanage and school in Coimbatore, they were converted to Christianity, given western names and told that its charismatic founder, Dr PP Job, was now their father.
On websites, the children were given serial numbers and profiles. The charity claimed they had been either abandoned by their parents who did not want the financial burden of raising girls, or orphaned after their "Christian" parents were murdered by Nepal's Maoist insurgents.The profiles were used to attract financial sponsors from around the world.
Many of the donors were in the United States, Holland and Britain, where Dr Jobs's sister organisation, Love in Action, is run from St Mary's C of E Church in Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Somerset.
The sick bastards!!
And they wonder why people hate missionaries in India.
I guess the Christians had to resort to such cheap methods (they have been for centuries...during colonial rule, they used to give out sacks of rice to people dying from famines(induced by the policies of the East Indian Trade Company) only if they converted. The derogatory term "rice convert" came to be because of this practice. Now they resort to kidnapping children!
even after 2 centuries of missionary activity, the % of Christians in India is only 2%. Maybe they ought to get the message and just shut up, but they wont...not when Evangelical nutcases are willing to funnels Billions to "save souls"
The good new is that this guy will now rot in Jail, and deservedly so. Having seen this, I totally understand why there is a huge push in many South Asian nations for a ban on missionaries. I hope they ban these asses.
Navaratri starts tonight, so I thought ill make a post about it
The goddess, in her "TriDevi"(Tri-Goddess) form
(From wiki and other sources)
Navratri, Navaratri, or Navarathri is a Hindu festival honouring Shakti and dance & festivities. The word Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights. During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Shakti/Devi are worshiped. The 10th day is commonly referred to as Vijayadashami or Dashera.
The Navratri commences on the first day of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Ashvin. The festival is celebrated for nine nights once every year during the beginning of October, although as the dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar, the festival may be held for a day more or a day less.
The first three days of the Navaratri festival is in honour of the Goddess in the form of Durga(also known as Kali)
In Hinduism, Durga means "the inaccessible" or "the invincible" or "one who can redeem in situations of utmost distress" is a form of Devi, the supremely radiant goddess, depicted as having ten arms, riding a lion or a tiger, carrying weapons and a lotus flower, maintaining a meditative smile, and practicing mudras(symbolic hand gestures). The name is made of Sanskrit dur- = "with difficulty" and gā ("come", "go").
An embodiment of creative feminine force (Shakti), Durga exists in a state of detachment and fierce compassion. Kali is considered by Hindus to be an aspect of Durga. She is thus considered the fiercer, demon-fighting form of Shiva's wife, goddess Parvati. Durga manifests fearlessness and patience, and never loses her sense of humor, even during spiritual battles of epic proportions.
A Baratanatyam dancer strikes Durga Mudra, wielding an imaginary trident
PS: Durga is often the goddess of warriors. The famed Gurkha war cry is "Jai Mahakali, Ayo Gorkhali" which literally translates to "Glory be to the Goddess of War(Kali/Durga), here come the Gorkhas!
Gurkha Khukuri dance invoking Durga
Days 4,5 and 6 of the Navaratri festival are in honour of the Goddess in the form of Lakshmi, the giver of wealth(both materiel and spiritual)
Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of wealth, prosperity (both material and spiritual), light, wisdom, fortune, fertility, generosity and courage; and the embodiment of beauty, grace and charm. Representations of Lakshmi are also found in Jain monuments. Also called Mahalakshmi, she is said to bring good luck, and is believed to protect her devotees from all kinds of misery and money-related sorrows.
Lakshmi in Sanskrit is derived from its elemental form lakS, meaning "to perceive or observe". This is synonymous with lakṣya, meaning "aim" or "objective". The Hindu sacred texts, the Vedas call Mahalakshmi as Lakshyayidhi Lakshmihi which means she is the one who has the object and aim of uplifting mankind.
The last three days of Navaratri are held in honour of the Goddess in the form of Saraswati, the giver of wisdom and knowledge.
In Hinduism Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge, music, arts, science and technology.
The name Saraswati came from "saras" (meaning "flow") and "wati" (meaning "a woman"). So, Saraswati is a symbol of knowledge; its flow (or growth) is like a river and knowledge is supremely alluring, like a beautiful woman. She is depicted as beautiful Goddess with Four arms, wearing spotless white saree and seated on white lotus. She is also known as "Sharada" (meaning "autumnal"), "Vani" and "Vagdevi" (both meaning "speech"). Saraswati holds a special place in the minds of Hindu students, as she is the goddess of learning.
In India it is customary that, out of respect, when a person's foot accidentally touches a book or any written material (which are considered a manifestation of Saraswati) or another person's leg, it will be followed by an apology in the form of a single hand gesture (Pranāma) with the right hand, where the offending person first touches the object with the finger tips and then the forehead and/or chest. This also counts for money, which is considered a manifestation of the goddess of wealth Lakshmi.
Saraswati was also known in the east. In japan she is known as Benzaiten
Benzaiten (弁才天, 弁財天 ) is the Japanese name for the Hindu goddess Saraswati. Worship of Benzaiten arrived in Japan during the 6th through 8th centuries, mainly via the Chinese translations of the Sutra of Golden Light, which has a section devoted to her. She is also mentioned in the Lotus Sutra and often depicted holding a biwa, a traditional Japanese lute in contrast to Saraswati who holds a stringed instrument known as a veena. She is a goddess also to Shinto, with the name Ichikishima-hime-no-mikoto (市杵島姫命?).
On a related note, all these goddesses are considered to be the but different aspects of the cosmic energy, known as Shakti.
Shakti from Sanskrit shak - "to be able," meaning sacred force or empowerment, is the primordial cosmic energy and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the entire universe in Hinduism. Shakti is the concept, or personification, of divine feminine creative power, sometimes referred to as 'The Great Divine Mother' in Hinduism. On the earthly plane, Shakti most actively manifests through female embodiment and creativity/fertility, though it is also present in males in its potential, unmanifest form
Not only is the Shakti responsible for creation, it is also the agent of all change. Shakti is cosmic existence as well as liberation, its most significant form being the Kundalini Shakti, a mysterious psychospiritual force.Shakti exists in a state of svātantrya, dependence on no-one, being interdependent with the entire universe.
The tenth day, after the preceding 9 days of festivals is known as Dussera/Vijayathasami. Naturally, each state of India has its own version/flavour of this festival. Often they differ greatly from one another, even on the reason for the festival.
Vijayathasami is a day when people honour the instruments/tools of their trade. The artisans have a puja(prayer) for their tools, the Soldiers pray to their weapons, and students pray to their books. This is known as the Ayudha Puja
The principal Shakti goddesses worshiped during the Ayudha puja are Saraswati (the Goddess of wisdom, arts and literature), Lakshmi (the goddess of wealth) and Parvati (the divine mother), apart from various types of equipment; it is on this occasion when weapons are worshiped by soldiers and tools are revered by artisans. The Puja is considered a meaningful custom, which focuses specific attention to one’s profession and its related tools and connotes that a divine force is working behind it to perform well and for getting the proper reward.
In the cross cultural development that has revolutionized the society, with modern science making a lasting impact on the scientific knowledge and industrial base in India, the ethos of the old religious order is retained by worship of computers and typewriters also during the Ayudha Puja, in the same manner as practiced in the past for weapons of warfare.
some modern day Ayudha Puja's
Dances & Festivals
As all Hindu festivals, Navaratri is not complete without much dancing and merrymaking. Dandiya(short sticks dance) is a favourite during this time of the year. However different regions have their own dances and festivities.
In the Buddhist traditions, especially in Tibet, China and east Asia Durga is known as Tara
Tens of thousands of revellers gathered at Stonehenge for an all-night party to celebrate the longest day of the year this morning - despite grey clouds that obscured the sunrise. English Heritage say 18,000 revellers descended on the site that is usually roped off to the public to witness dawn at exactly 4.43am.
The event is significant for druids, who were joined by hippies, pagans and tourists as well as hordes of younger visitors in search of a good party. The annual event is a modern take on solstice celebrations which were once a highlight of the pre-Christian calendar. Celebrations focus on the Heelstone, which sits just outside the main circle, and is aligned with the midsummer sunrise.
Stonehenge's origins remain a mystery, but one theory is that it is a huge astronomical calendar. Others say an ancient sun-worshipping culture aligned the structure with the midsummer sunrise and the midwinter sunset.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-20...
Summer solstice festival in Russia
I'm glad to see the revival of native traditions. Keep up the good work pagans! A Merry Summer Solstice greetings to you all
Pankaj Jain, Ph.D.
Author, 'Sustenance and Sustainability: Dharma and Ecology of Hindu Communities'
The Dharmic Method to Save the Planet
An eminent scholar recently came to our university campus and spoke about the role of diverse religious communities of the world and their attitudes toward the environment. He showed examples from several indigenous communities from the North America, South America, Africa and Asia. However, when he referred to the traditions of India, he used these words: "India has the most bizarre culture in the world where even a cobra is worshipped. This is a bit of an overshoot." What amazed me was that even in this supposedly globalized world that we live in, India continues to mystify scholars. While most Americans are familiar with the terms such as "yoga" and "Bollywood," Indian perspectives toward the ecology seem to be largely unknown.
It is true that cobras are worshipped by many Hindus, especially on a specific festival dedicated to them (just as there are specific festivals for mountains, rivers, cows, trees and hundreds of other gods and goddesses throughout India). What is not commonly known is that Mahatma Gandhi had a brief encounter with a cobra at his ashram (retreat) once and he too did not want it to be killed by his colleagues. This is one of the shining examples of Indian environmentalism, not an "overshoot" as called by our scholar friend mentioned above. Several scientific studies have pointed out that every being in nature is intrinsically valuable because every other being is directly or indirectly dependent on each other's survival. This is the fundamental motivation of scientists and environmentalists to save the biodiversity in every part of our planet. Therefore, even a cobra has the right to survive. Moreover, other beings have an intrinsic duty to protect it as long as it is not a threat to them.
More than 2,500 years ago in India, Mahavira and Buddha taught the same concept, although in a different framework of philosophy, spirituality and ethics. Mahavira, the last great teacher of Jainism, even proclaimed that ahimsa (nonviolence) is the greatest dharma. (Dharma's meanings include religion, ethics, duty, virtue, righteousness and cosmic law.) Several Hindu and Buddhist texts also propound the same principle in different languages. According to most of these texts, ahimsa improves one's karma. For observant Hindus, Jains and Buddhists, hurting or harming another being damages one's karma and obstructs advancement toward moksha (liberation). To prevent the further accrual of bad karma, they are instructed to avoid activities associated with violence and to follow a vegetarian diet (meat consumption in India has historically been very less compared to elsewhere). They also oppose the institutionalized breeding and killing of animals, birds and fish for human consumption.
In order to truly work towards protecting the environment/planet we have to realize that humans are no more special than the lowliest of Animals and plants. The species-centric(human centric) worldview we take for granted blinds us to the fates of the other beings which inhibit the world and have as much rights to it as we do. Unless we look at it from a detached viewpoint that transcends petty limitations..including that of species we will not be able to truly work towards a world that is both sustainable as well as viable to not only humans but to every other being.
As a fan of his works, I thought I'll post a small piece on Rabindranath Tagore on his 150th birth Anniversary.
"Patriotism cannot be our final spiritual shelter; my refuge is humanity. I will not buy glass for the price of diamonds, and I will never allow patriotism to triumph over humanity as long as I live."
Rabindranath Tagore(7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941),was a Hindu Bengali poet, novelist, musician, painter and playwright who reshaped Bengali literature and music. As author of Gitanjali with its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" he was the first non-European to be awarded the Nobel Prize(1913) His poetry in translation was viewed as spiritual, and this together with his mesmerizing persona gave him a prophet-like aura in the west.
Tagore was already writing poems since he was eight years old. At age 16, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho ("Sun Lion") and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Tagore achieved further note when he denounced the British Raj and supported Indian independence by renouncing his Knighthood. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University
His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to political and personal topics. Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced), and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and contemplation. Tagore was perhaps the only litterateur who penned anthems of two countries - Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem and Amar Shonar Bangla, the Bangladeshi national anthem.
Young Tagore in England as a young student, and later in 1912
"Don't limit a child to your own learning, for she was born in another time."
One of my favorite works amongst his is the following poem, which he penned; protesting against the British raj and advocating for an independent India. I love it for the modern and liberal ideas he puts forth, in his vision of the new nation.
"WHERE the mind is without fear and the head is held high
Where knowledge is free
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments
By narrow domestic walls
Where words come out from the depth of truth
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way
Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit
Where the mind is led forward by thee
Into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake."
He was a prolific traveler (He visited about 30 countries) and was a friend of Einstein; with whom he used to have fascinating conversations
^^ This has the transcript of one of their conversations
With his wife, Mrnalini Devi ///Tagore dabbled in primitivism: a pastel-coloured rendition of a Malagan mask from northern New Ireland
"Nirvana is not the blowing out of the candle. It is the extinguishing of the flame because day is come. "
Tagore , Even though He was knighted by the Queen renounced his knighthood after the British massacre of civilians in Jalianwala and Became committed to the Indian nationalist cause, writing poetry and engaging in social action to further this end.
His song(first sung in 1911),which looks upon India as a Mother goddess became the Indian national Anthem after independence.
Indian National Anthem
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.
The Youtube version
^^ English lyrics start at 1.50
The nation of Bangaladesh also uses one of his songs as its national Anthem
Bangladesh's national anthem
My beloved Bengal
My Bengal of Gold,
I love you.
Forever your skies,
Your air set my heart in tune
As if it were a flute.
In spring, O mother mine,
The fragrance from your mango groves
Makes me wild with joy,
Ah, what a thrill!
In autumn, O mother mine,
In the full blossomed paddy fields
I have seen spread all over sweet smiles.
Ah, what beauty, what shades,
What an affection, and what tenderness!
What a quilt have you spread
At the feet of banyan trees
And along the banks of rivers!
Are like nectar to my ears.
Ah, what a thrill!
If sadness, O mother mine,
Casts a gloom on your face,
My eyes are filled with tears!
Tagore, in his worldwide visits, found great welcome in pre-communist China where he made many a friendship
^^sadly the poet Xu Zhimo and many others like his did not survive Mao's Purges in the "cultural revolution" and "great leap forward"
"to tyrannize for the country is to tyrannize over the country"
Tagore reading a book of his to Helen Keller // With the Persian parliment members
Tagore playing the Character Valmiki, in one of his plays // Tagore in America //With Gandhi
An online version of his Gitanjali
sources: Wiki, Web, Me
In the wake of the recent revelation(Which did not come as a surprise to many) that the Head Honcho himself was living in the midst of the Pakistani WestPoint without the "apparent"(or so they say) knowledge of the ISI/Army, one would expect that there would be a very strict review of the Aid that goes into that country.
However Senator's Kerry and Luger appear to be not willing to shake the boat too much. Considering that the "aid" cost the US taxpayer nearly 20 Billion $ over a period of 9 years(and more to come), and taking into account the severe shortage the states are experiencing now, its my view that this whole Aid thing has to be re-assessed.
Two of Pakistan's key supporters in the U.S. Congress have acknowledged "real and serious questions" about Osama bin Laden's compound in Pakistan, but defend sending money to that country nonetheless.
Before people trash me for saying that we need to cut aid, hear me out. I do NOT propose we cut aid to Pakistan. What I propose is that we need Accountability with a big A. Over the past decade the US has been pretty much shoveling bucket loads of money into Pakistan without even verifying the Pakistani claim that the money was used to fight the terrorists.
Here are some interesting points to consider
Pakistani ISI chief, Lt General Mahmoud Ahmad transfered 100000$ to Mohamed Atta right before the Sept 11 Attacks.
The Pakistan connection
There is evidence of foreign intelligence backing for the 9/11 hijackers. Why is the US government so keen to cover it up?
Omar Sheikh, a British-born Islamist militant, is waiting to be hanged in Pakistan for a murder he almost certainly didn't commit - of the Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in 2002. Both the US government and Pearl's wife have since acknowledged that Sheikh was not responsible. Yet the Pakistani government is refusing to try other suspects newly implicated in Pearl's kidnap and murder for fear the evidence they produce in court might acquit Sheikh and reveal too much.
Significantly, Sheikh is also the man who, on the instructions of General Mahmoud Ahmed, the then head of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), wired $100,000 before the 9/11 attacks to Mohammed Atta, the lead hijacker. It is extraordinary that neither Ahmed nor Sheikh have been charged and brought to trial on this count. Why not?
Summer 2001: ISI Chief Lt. General Mahmoud Ahmad transfers $100,000 to 9-11 Ringleader Mohamed Atta.
4 September: Ahmad arrives in the US on an official visit.
4-9 September: He meets his US counterparts including CIA Head George Tenet.
9 September: Assassination of General Massood, leader of the Northern Alliance. Official statement by Northern Alliance points to involvement of the ISI-Osama-Taliban axis.
11 September: Terrorist Attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon. At the time of the attacks, Lt General Ahmad was at a breakfast meeting at the Capitol with the chairmen of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees Sen Bob Graham and Rep Porter Goss. Also present at the meeting were Sen. John Kyl and the Pakistani ambassador to the U.S., Maleeha Lodhi.
12-13 September: Meetings between Lt. General Ahmad and Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage. Agreement on Pakistan's collaboration negotiated between Ahmad and Armitage. Meeting between General Ahmad and Secretary of State Colin Powell
^^ What is the punishment for the ISI chief? for funding the 9/11 Attackers? easy...he takes voluntary retirement and retires to live a cozy life. The same might happen to the current head...no accountability.
Investigation: Nuclear scandal - Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan
The Pakistani scientist who passed nuclear secrets to the world’s rogue states has been muzzled by his government. In a smuggled letter, AQ Khan reveals his side of the story
Just four pages long, it is an extraordinary letter, the contents of which have never been revealed before. Dated December 10, 2003, and addressed to Henny, Khan’s Dutch wife, it is handwritten, in apparent haste. It starts simply: “Darling, if the government plays any mischief with me take a tough stand.” In numbered paragraphs, it outlines Pakistan’s nuclear co-operation with China, Iran and North Korea, and also mentions Libya. It ends: “They might try to get rid of me to cover up all the things they got done by me.”
There it was in the letter: “We put up a centrifuge plant at Hanzhong (250km southwest of Xian).” It went on: “The Chinese gave us drawings of the nuclear weapon, gave us 50kg of enriched uranium, gave us 10 tons of UF6 (natural) and 5 tons of UF6 (3%).” (UF6 is uranium hexafluoride, the gaseous feedstock for an enrichment plant.)
On North Korea: “ took $3million through me from the N. Koreans and asked me to give some drawings and machines.”
^^ Do read the times Article..its literally mind blowing and gives insight into how the ISI/Army simply scapegoat people in order to escape any blame which should rightly fall on them
Kunduz airlift of 2001 (a.k.a "Airlift of Evil")
The Airlift of Evil refers to the evacuation of thousands of Pakistani military personnel, Afghan sympathizers, and some members of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda from the city of Kunduz during the week before its capture by the forces of the Northern Alliance during the early days of the Afghan war.
In 2008, more details emerged in Descent into Chaos by Ahmed Rashid:
One senior (U.S.) intelligence analyst told me, "The request was made by Musharraf to Bush, but Cheney took charge—a token of who was handling Musharraf at the time. The approval was not shared with anyone at State, including Colin Powell, until well after the event. Musharraf said Pakistan needed to save its dignity and its valued people. Two planes were involved, which made several sorties a night over several nights. They took off from air bases in Chitral and Gilgit in Pakistan's northern areas, and landed in Kunduz, where the evacuees were waiting on the tarmac. Certainly hundreds and perhaps as many as one thousand people escaped. Hundreds of ISI officers, Taliban commanders, and foot soldiers belonging to the IMU and al Qaeda personnel boarded the planes. What was sold as a minor extraction turned into a major air bridge. The frustrated U.S. SOF who watched it from the surrounding high ground dubbed it "Operation Evil Airlift." Another senior U.S. diplomat told me afterward, "Musharraf fooled us because after we gave approval, the ISI may have run a much bigger operation and got out more people. We just don't know. At the time nobody wanted to hurt Musharraf, and his prestige with the army was at stake. The real question is why Musharraf did not get his men out before. Clearly the ISI was running its own war against the Americans and did not want to leave Afghanistan until the last moment."
^^ It's evident that the ISi/Army and Musharraf fooled the US into thinking that they were airlifting a few of their men, while they ran an entire air-bridge basically letting thousands of Taliban and AQ operatives escape!
Up to 70% of US aid to Pakistan 'misspent'
About Those Billions
Musharraf admits US aid diverted
Former president Pervez Musharraf says the US military aid given to Pakistan during his tenure was used to strengthen defences against India.
Mr Musharraf said he did not care if this diversion of aid angered the US.
"Whoever wishes to be angry, let them be angry, why should we bother? We have to maintain our security, and the Americans should know, and the whole world should know that we won't compromise our security, and will use the equipment everywhere."
Meanwhile, India said Mr Musharraf's statement merely confirmed "what we have suspected over a long time and what we have suggested all along".
C.I.A. Outlines Pakistan Links With Militants
That ISI officers have maintained important ties to anti-American militants has been the subject of previous reports in The New York Times. But the C.I.A. and the Bush administration have generally sought to avoid criticism of Pakistan, which they regard as a crucial ally in the fight against terrorism.
Bali bombing suspect Umar Patek 'arrested in Pakistan'(in Abottabad- February)
Bali bomber captured down the road from Bin Laden's secret compound
Leading Indonesian newspaper Koran Tempo quoted an anonymous intelligence source saying that Patek was in Abbottabad to plan terrorist acts to coincide with the tenth anniversary of 9/11. Indonesia’s defence minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro confirmed that the two terrorists had been planning to meet.
‘Umar Patek was in Pakistan with his Filipino wife trying to meet Osama Bin Laden,’ he said. Another official added that Patek and his wife had travelled to Pakistan under false names to seek Bin Laden’s ‘support and protection’
^^ This guy, the most wanted Indonesian terrorist was caught in Abottabad Pakistan.. why would he come there? instead of going to other northern frontiers where the "tribal" regions which are supposedly the AQ "hangout"s? It does not take a rocket scientist to realize that he came to meet Osama. And the ISI apparently still "did not know" even though they caught him nearly 3 months ago.
Sure...the ISI did not know at all
Perpetuating the myth that that ISI and the army are separate entities.
Probably one of the best propaganda successes Pakistan has had in this regard is to make people believe that the ISI and the Military are different entities. This cannot be further from the truth.
ISI is a joint forces department of Pakistani military (all the important officers are from army), somewhat similar to DIA in structure but with powers and influence comparable to what CIA+DIA+NSA enjoys.
The ISI officers are regular Paskistani Army officers transferred over to ISI from the Army. Most serve short terms and are transferred back.
The current army chief, Gen Ashfaq kiyani was director general of ISI right around the time OBL is supposed to have taken sanctuary in that compound, during gen pervez musharraf's reign.
If one realizes that the current head of Military was also the ex-head of the ISI, it becomes clear that there is no such "split" between the ISI and the Army as the Pakistani government would have us to believe. In fact its well known from the wikileaks that even America knows this to be the case, and also is aware how much the Army/ISI actively aid and abet the Taliban/AQ.
There have been many instances in Afghanistan where NATO forces exchange fire/kill what they presumed to be Taliban/AQ only to realize that the targets/opponents were ISI working with the Taliban. Of course..the ARMY/ISI automatically term them "rouge operators" and are not affiliated with Pakistan.
Logan: Pakistan has U.S. "blood on its hands"
Other groups, including networks linked to the Taliban -- some of which were created explicitly by the nation's security agencies and which have broader anti-Western and anti-U.S. aspirations -- are given too much freedom, says Logan.
"If you walk in Arlington Cemetery, past the fresh graves of American soldiers coming back from the field over there, Pakistan has some of the blood on its hands. They need to answer for that."
How many thousand of American and other civilians lives would have been saved if this Americans staunchest ally on the war on terror actually stopped aiding the terrorists(let alone aiding the US in fighting them)....not to mention tipping Osama off every time about an impending American raid..except for the only time they did not let the ISI know (and they got himt he first time they didnt inform the ISI)
To wrap up this long post, one suggestions from me
Cut off any military aid that does NOT have a counter terrorist use. For example lets look at some of the military Aid Pakistan has gotten in the past
To use the old Red-Riding hood line
Granny Granny why do we give Pakistan
Upgraded f-16s. = so the Pakistan Airforce can shoot down Taliban fighter jets my dear child
Amraam and Tow missiles = to shoot down Taliban fighter jets and Main battle Tanks
Latest Air defense radars = Again to shoot down Taliban/AQ fighter jets and maybe glider borne Taliban invaders?
maritime recon and strike aircraft = to find and destroy Taliban Navy
An Oliver Hazzard Perry class destroyer - to check the Taliban Navy in the Indian ocean
^^ it would have been fun if not for how sad this is.
Lets look at this scenario....What if Russia starts giving free Fighter jets, Missiles, Radars, Submarines..Naval Ships to Mexico in the pretext of helping fight dissidents?..instead of giving them stuff that only is effective against low key militants.(lets assume that in this alternate universe the US and Mexico are sworn enemies and Mexico actively carries out/supports terrorist attacks inside US) What would the American reaction be? Now replace Mexico and the US with Pakistan and India...and the Russians with America and ask the same question again?
Its obvious from the evidence presented above, in the numerous articles and links that America knows exactly what Pakistan is doing..its deep seated duplicity and is still unwilling to realize the truth staring at its face.
Maybe the MIC wants the war to continue...and they do not care about the Billions being spent and the Thousands of Americans and Afghani/Pakistani lives being lost.
Maybe some politicians might not want to accept that they were "Dead wrong" in their strategy to ally with Pakistan that they keep this sorry story on just to save face.
They can try to do a couple of things immediately
Ensure that any humanitarian aid that is given should be disbursed under American oversight to the people..NOT to agencies which divert it to fund the military...the pockets of the generals...or even the AQ and Taliban. This would also serve to win the hearts and minds of the people.
Demand Accountability for every $ spent.
The Current American policy towards Pakistan is a joke and has nothing to show except the lives of thousands of American servicemen...American/Pakistani Civilians...and the erasure of any goodwill towards America.
Furthermore Schools, services..and people here in America are in dire shortage of Money..Billions being wasted on indirectly funding the very people who Attack us should be used judiciously, sparingly and with full accountability..or it would be better served by giving it to the people here who have an urgent need for it.
Today is Holi-day (pun intended ) for Hindus/Sikhs around the world. Happy Holi everyone!
Holi is known as the Spring festival of colours and is pretty fun. I thought I'll post some info regarding this festival. The highlight of the festival is the sprinkling of colours and water on each other.
Among India's innumerable festivals, Holi ranks as the most colorful. It heralds the arrival of spring with the promise of good harvests and fertility and commemorates legends from Hindu mythology. Traditionally celebrated on the first day after the full moon in early March, the festival allows for the shedding of inhibitions and caste differences in a rush of spring fever. It is characterized best by the water and gulal, or colored powder, which are thrown upon one another in an exuberant welcome of the season of love.
Holi (होली , is a spring religious festival celebrated by Hindus. It is primarily observed in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and countries with large Indic diaspora populations, such as Suriname, Malaysia, Guyana, South Africa, Trinidad, United Kingdom, United States, Mauritius, and Fiji. In West Bengal and Orissa of India it is known as Dolyatra, or Basanta-Utsav.
The main day, Holi, also known as Dhuli Vandana in Sanskrit, also Dhulheti, Dhulandi or Dhulendi, is celebrated by people throwing coloured powder and coloured water at each other.
There are many Holi events in the US, and some of them are quite huge. Stanford holds the largest Holi festival in the bay area, and I would say its probably one of the best. They have thousands of pounds of colour...Music..dance...and food. There were around 5000 attendees last year..and the number is expected to reach around 6000 this year. All proceeds from this event go to a no-overhead charity aimed at educating poor children.
The 2011 Holi event is on the 3rd of April and those who are interested in attending it can check out the details here
^^The link has the pics from the 2010 Holi.
^^ Facebook page of the upcoming event.
I'll post a few of them here to illustrate the importance of colour.
While reading the Hindu epic the Mahabharata I came across a definition of hypocrisy which I liked a lot.It's part of a series of questions a protagonist of the epic is asked by a mythical being, to test his knowledge. (according to the epic, the being is none other than "Dharma"..which according to Dharmic religions like Hinduism and Buddhism refers to the "eternal law/way of life"....poetic license has been taken in the epic; as Dharma is not an entity )
Dharma: what is hypocrisy?
Yudhishthira: The setting up of a religious standard is hypocrisy.*
~ The Mahabharata, Book 3, Section CCCXI
(Another translation of the Mahabharata has a slightly different version, "The setting up of religious standards for others is hypocrisy".)
I find this definition of hypocrisy (at least 2500 years old) to be very accurate, and relevant.
The entire set of questions and answers can be found here. (The text formatting definitely needs improvement)
BEIJING (Reuters) – Tibet's exiled spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, does not have a right to choose his successor any way he wants and must follow the historical and religious tradition of reincarnation, a Chinese official said Monday.
It is unclear how the 76-year-old Dalai Lama, who lives in India and is revered by many Tibetans, plans to pick his successor. He has said that the succession process could break with tradition -- either by being hand-picked by him or through democratic elections.
But Padma Choling, the Chinese-appointed governor of Tibet, said that the Dalai Lama had no right to abolish the institution of reincarnation, underscoring China's hardline stance on one of the most sensitive issues for the restless and remote region.
Read more: http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20110307/wl_nm/...
<[[The Chinese government says it has to approve all reincarnations of living Buddhas, or senior religious figures in Tibetan Buddhism. It also says China has to sign off on the choosing of the next Dalai Lama.>]]]
Its Obvious that China plans to "select" the "reincarnated" Lama. If China is allowed to do this it would be the final nail on the coffin for the Tibetan people. It goes without saying that China's stance on this issue would inevitably be against the wishes of the Tibetan people.
It sounds like the type of discovery that one of her Famous Five characters might have made.
A long-forgotten yellowed manuscript, which had spent decades gathering dust, has been identified as a previously unseen novel by Enid Blyton.
Titled Mr Tumpy’s Caravan, the 180-page story tells the tale of a magical caravan and the travels of its inhabitants.
The children’s author, who has sold 500million copies of books including the Secret Seven and Malory Towers series, was not known to have any unpublished material.
But the find was made when a haul of her belongings was sold following the death of her eldest daughter, Gillian Baverstock.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-13...
This is really amazing!. I loved her books when I was a kid. The days I spent reading her "famous five" and "secret seven" novels are unforgettable.My mom read them as a kid herself! What I particularly love about Enid Blyton's work is the simplicity of the characters. What I mean by simplicity is that the characters engage in really fun activities but do not depend on any "modern" appliances like cell phones..or whatnot. The books encourage and invite the young readers to imagine in vivid detail the world/adventure the characters take part in. Enid Blyton does this in such a fascinating manner than I doubt even a futuristic virtual reality system would even come close to rivaling her skills of imaginary world creation/adventure.
Sadly, a lot of children here in the US are not aware of her, or her books.
Enid Blyton is probably one of the most famous writers of all time, with around 600 million copies of her books sold around the world.
RUMIPAMBA, Ecuador (AFP) – She has no legal training, and doesn't speak the Spanish that dominates government in Quito but indigenous villager Maria Aguinda helped bring a landmark judgment against US oil giant Chevron for polluting the rain forest she calls home.
The diminutive grandmother whose modest home sits near marshes clogged for decades in sticky oil has been at the heart of the David-and-Goliath case, and spoke out after Chevron was slapped last week with a $9.5-billion fine, among the heaviest ever handed down for environmental damage.
"Before I die they have to pay me for the dead animals, and for what they did to the river, and the water and the earth," the 61-year-old Aguinda told AFP at her home in Rumipamba, a town in remote Orellana province where pollution caused by 30 years of oil drilling and petroleum accidents had become a sad fact of life.
More power to this lady
Diwali (also spelled Divali in few countries) or Deepavali is popularly known as the festival of lights. Its an important five-day festival in Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, occurring between mid-October and mid-November. For Hindus, Diwali is the most important festival of the year and is celebrated in families by performing traditional activities together in their homes.
The name Diwali is itself a contraction of the word "Deepavali" which translates into row of lamps. Diwali involves the lighting of small clay lamps (divas) filled with oil to signify the triumph of good over evil. During Diwali, all the celebrants wear new clothes and share sweets and snacks with family members and friends
May this Deepawali bring Happiness and Prosperity, Joy and renewed hope to you and your family/friends
The times are tough and we should always remember those who are less fortunate, and try to do our best to help those in need. After all, we have to swim together or sink separately.
Deepawali is considered a day when one starts things afresh. Maybe after the recent election and economic setbacks, this could be a day where we DUers resolve to regain what we have lost, and set our sights on the 2012 election!
Last year, President Obama became the first US president to personally celebrate Diwali in the historic East Room in 2009
The Persident's 2010 Diwali message
"Tomorrow, Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and some Buddhists, here in America and around the world, will celebrate the holiday of Diwali - the festival of lights," Obama said in his Diwali message.
"This is a day when members of some of the world's oldest religions celebrate the triumph of good over evil. Last year, I marked this holiday as many will this weekend - by lighting the Diya, or lamp. This lamp symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance," he said.
"Diwali is a time for celebration, but it is also a time for reflection - a time when we must remember that there are always others less fortunate then ourselves. This holiday reminds us all that we should commit ourselves to helping those in need. For many, this is also a time to gather with family and to pray," Obama said.
"To those celebrating Diwali in India, I look forward to visiting you over the next few days. And to all those who will celebrate this joyous occasion on Friday, I wish you, your families and loved ones Happy Diwali and 'Saal Mubarak'," said the US President.
some pics (please note that the Swastika design used for the lamps during Diwali is not related to the Nazi symbol)
I was watching the Television today and saw this ad by the so called "Citizens against Government Waste". Apart from the obvious fact that this is hypocritical(After all the GOP/teaparty has no right to lecture others about spending and budgets)I believe that this ad has racist/Xenophobic undertones.
I dislike the way how East Asians(Chinese to be exact) are portrayed in this video; and this entire advertisement, especially the end seems to be specifically tailor made to evoke Xenophobic/racist feelings against the "other".
This looks almost like one of those ww2 era "yellow peril" posters/Fu Manchu-ish comic book villain characterization. Maybe I'm mistaken and this advert is squeaky clean, But I would like to hear your opinion regarding this.
Commonwealth Games 2010: India opens doors to the world at opening ceremony
No collapsing scenery or malfunctioning sound system. No fluffed lines, botched choreography or missed cues and not a single stray dog in sight. The preparations for the XIXth Commonwealth Games may have been an unmitigated disaster but India certainly knows how to put on a show.
A dazzling, colorful, high-octane opening ceremony that was part Bollywood, part cultural extravaganza, did much to dispel the nightmares of the past fortnight, thrilling a sell-out crowd in the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium as well as the athletes and officials from 71 Commonwealth nations.
Just saw the Opening Ceremony Online. Looks great.
I liked the fact that they did pull together at the end and make it happen better than anyone expected.
I also liked the fact how they included the "common man" in the ceremony by having people from all walks of life...from the poor porter to the bicycle repairman take part in the opening ceremony, acknowledging that even though this is an extravaganza, it is only made possible by the efforts of working people. I believe that is unique, unlike in the recent Olympics where one was shown only the positives and the glitzy.
Tibetans were also given a prominent place at the commencement of the ceremony( Maybe there is a political message here..hmmm)
Yet another thing I appreciated about this event was the inclusion of the tribal communities from the remote corners of India. The African Tribesmen from the Andaman islands, to the mountain people from the North Eastern Himalayan foothills were all included, and their traditional dances performed. After all, India is a nation made up of hundreds of ethnicities and dozens of languages. It is indeed heartening to see that diversity is welcomed and even encouraged, as befitting the biggest democracy in the world. Having said that, there is a consensus that after the games, those responsible for the poor initial preparations should be made to face the music.
link to the video
( the performances continue from 3.10 on this video)
(A train representing people from all walks of life)
the rest can be found here
As someone who is interested in world history/geopolitics,recently I had an interesting conversation with some of my friends about the independence movements of the British Colonies. When the conversation touched upon the subject of Indian independence, I realized that most people attributed the success to Gandhi alone (some credit was given to Nehru as well). However I was quite surprised that none mentioned Subhas Chandra Bose( Also known as Netaji) and his Indian National Army. On hindsight, I should not have been surprised, given the fact that most British and even Indian accounts of the Indian freedom struggle fail to mention the contributions of Subash Chandra Bose towards Indian independence.
One of the main reasons I could think of for the lack of mention in the British media would be the fact that Bose undertook Armed rebellion against the British Raj, something which the Gandhian followers did not do. It would definitely serve the British Interests to play down armed opposition vis-a-vis nonviolent opposition.I will post a brief portrait of Bose and his valuable contribution to Indian independence. I also see some interesting similarities between the armed struggle of Bose and with that of the American war of independence. Even though Gandhi played a central role in securing India's independence, it is my view that if not for Bose and his views, India would have got its independence on a much later date.
Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945)
"In this mortal world, everything perishes and will perish – but ideas, ideals and dreams do not. One individual may die for an idea – but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives. That is how the wheels of evolution move on and the ideas, ideals and dreams of one generation are bequeathed to the next… "
Subhas Chandra Bose was born 23 January 1897; and presumed to have died 18 August 1945, although this is disputed, popularly known as Netaji (literally "Respected Leader"), was one of the most prominent leaders in the Indian independence movement and a legendary figure in India today.
His nationalistic tendencies came to light when, as a 3rd year student in the prestigious Presidency College in India, he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for his anti-India comments.A brilliant student, Bose later topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and passed his B.A. Bose went on to study in Fitzwilliam Hall of the University of Cambridge, and his high score in the Civil Service examinations meant an almost automatic appointment.
He then took his first conscious step as a revolutionary and resigned the appointment on the premise that the
"best way to end a government is to withdraw from it"
Returning to India after the Amritsar massacre and the repressive Rowlatt legislation of 1919 Bose involved himself in Politics and joined the Indian National Congress of Gandhi.In a roundup of nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to prison in Mandalay, where he contracted tuberculosis.Released from prison two years later, Bose became general secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence.
During the mid-1930s Bose travelled in Europe, visiting Indian students and European politicians, including Mussolini.By 1938 Bose had become as leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress president. He was elected the president of the Indian national Congress twice.
( Bose and Gandhi, when Bose was the president of the Indian national Congress)
Disagreements with Gandhi and Nehru
Subhas Chandra Bose's political views were in support of complete freedom for India at the earliest, whereas most of the Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status.Nehru and even Gandhi were initially reluctant to ask for "complete freedom" due to the fear that the British would reject it outright. Bose on the other hand was adamant that complete freedom was the only thing he would agree to.
Furthermore Bose advocated the use of force against the British as a viable alternative, which Gandhi opposed.
although they shared the goal of an Independent India, by 1939 the two had become divided over the strategy which should be used to achieve Indian Independence, and to some degree the form which the post-Independence state should take: Gandhi was hostile to industrialisation, whilst Bose saw it as the only route to making India strong and self-sufficient.
The 1939 election saw Bose win the presidency of the Indian national congress over the opposition of Gandhi who backed a rival candidate,however later disagreements resulted in Bose resigning from his post and leaving the Indian national Congress.
Bose at the time claimed to see little difference between the fundamentally oppressive nature of either British imperialism or the Axis' fascism. His own politics, as far as he had any besides anti-imperialism and a personality cult, were probably radical socialist.
The World war
On the outbreak of war, Bose advocated a campaign of mass civil disobedience to protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow's decision to declare war on India's behalf without consulting the Congress leadership. Having failed to persuade Gandhi of the necessity of this, Bose organised mass protests in Calcutta calling for the 'Holwell Monument' commemorating the Black Hole of Calcutta, which then stood at the corner of Dalhousie Square, to be removed.
A reasonable measure of the contrast between Gandhi and Bose is captured in a saying attributable to him: "If people slap you once, slap them twice".
He was thrown in jail by the British, but was released following a seven-day hunger strike.
Escape from India
Bose's house in Calcutta was kept under surveillance by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), but their vigilance left a good deal to be desired. With two court cases pending, he felt the British would not let him leave the country before the end of the war. This set the scene for Bose's escape to Germany, via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, escorted by Abwher agents who were disguised as road construction Engineers.
Bose believed that Socialism along with a democratic government might serve the interests of nations best, especially the ones just emerging from colonial rule. Thus he wanted to enlist the help of the Soviets to oust the British. Stalin however was not interested in such a prospect, and he passed Bose onto the German ambassador to the USSR, who then had Bose flown to Germany.
Bose in Germany
( Bose in Germany)
The ambassador had Bose flown on to Berlin in a special courier aircraft at the beginning of April where he was to receive a more favorable hearing from Joachim von Ribbentrop and the Foreign Ministry officials at the Wilhelmstrasse.
In Germany he met Hitler and Ribbentrop who promised him assistance in overthrowing the British. The captured allied soldiers of Indian origin were released and formed into a unit called the India foreign legion. This was became a part of the German Army, however Hitler was not interested in helping these soldiers fight for their country, he was more interested in using them as part of his own military expeditions in Europe.
The lack of interest if not hostility shown by Hitler in the cause of Indian independence eventually caused Bose to become disillusioned and he decided to leave Nazi Germany in 1943. Bose had been living together with his wife Emilie Schenkl in Berlin from 1941 until 1943, when he left for south-east Asia.
His disillusionment with Nazi Germany is clearly evident in this letter he sent to Dr. Thierfelder of the Deutsche Academie, Kurhaus Hochland, Badgastein, 25th March 1936
"Today I regret that I have to return to India with the conviction that the new nationalism of Germany is not only narrow and selfish but arrogant."
While in Europe he married his secretary Emilie Schenkl, and later had a daughter
( His Austrian wife Emilie Schenkl and their daughter Anita )
He traveled by the German submarine U-180 around the Cape of Good Hope to Imperial Japan (via Japanese submarine I-29). Thereafter the Japanese helped him raise his army in Singapore.
( Participants of the Greater East Asia Conference. Left to right : Ba Maw, Zhang Jinghui, Wang Jingwei, Hideki Tojo, Wan Waithayakon, José P. Laurel, Subhas Chandra Bose.)
The formation of the Indian National Army
“It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able to preserve with our own strength.
The aim of the army was to overthrow the British Raj in colonial India, with Japanese assistance. Initially composed of Indian prisoners of war captured by Japan in her Malayan campaign and at Singapore, it later drew large numbers of volunteers from Indian expatriate population in Malaya and Burma.
Bose was able to reorganize the fledging army and organize massive support among the expatriate Indian population in south-east Asia, who lent their support by both enlisting in the Indian National Army, as well as financially in response to Bose's calls for sacrifice for the national cause. At its height it consisted of some 43,000 regular troops.
( the INA parade )
(The Tokyo Boys,Tokyo Imperial Military Academy.)
Asia’s first Women’s Regiment
“… I want … a unit of brave Indian women to form a death-defying Regiment who will wield the sword which Rani of Jhansi wielded in India’s First War of Independence in 1857.”~ Bose
( Col Lakshmi of the INA )
Among the masses attending Bose’s rally on 9 July was Dr. Lakshmi, who responded immediately to his appeal to form a Women’s Regiment. On 12 July 1943, Bose announced the formation of the Women’s Regiment, naming it “Rani of Jhansi Regiment”, after the Rani Lakshimbai (1835-1858) who rose in rebellion against the British during the 1857 Mutiny.
This was the first time such a regiment was created in Asia.
The INA's first commitment was in the Japanese thrust towards Eastern Indian frontiers of Manipur. INA's special forces, the Bahadur Group, were extensively involved in operations behind enemy lines both during the diversionary attacks in Arakan, as well as the Japanese thrust towards Imphal and Kohima, along with the Burmese National Army led by Ba Maw and Aung San. A year after the islands were taken by the Japanese, the Provisional Government and the INA were established in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands with Lt Col. A.D. Loganathan appointed its Governor General. The islands were renamed Shaheed (Martyr) and Swaraj (Independence).
However, with the military reverses suffered by the Japanese forces in the East, the INA came to an End.
Death of Chandra Bose
Bose is alleged to have died in a plane crash Taihoku (Taipei), Taiwan, on 18 August 1945 while en route to Tokyo and possibly then the Soviet Union. The Japanese plane he was travelling on had engine trouble and when it crashed Bose was badly burned, dying in a local hospital four hours later. His body was then cremated. This version of events is supported by the testimonies of a Captain Yoshida Taneyoshi, and a British spy known as 'Agent 1189’
Some believe there is evidence that Bose did not die on that place crash but was taken prisoner by the Soviets and later died in one of the Siberian camps.
Impact on the British Raj
At the conclusion of the war, the government of British India brought some of the captured INA soldiers to trial on treason charges. The prisoners would potentially face the death penalty, life imprisonment or a fine as punishment if found guilty. It was initially believed by Auchinleck that no less than twenty death penalties were likely to be confirmed.
These trials attracted much publicity, and public sympathy for the defendants who were perceived as patriots in India Beyond the concurrent campaigns of noncooperation and nonviolent protest, this spread to include mutinies and wavering support within the British Indian Army.
The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
The Raj also observed with increasing disquiet and unease the spread of pro-INA sympathies within the troops of the British Indian forces.<42> In February 1946, while the trials were still going on, a general strike ratings of the Royal Indian Navy rapidly deteriorated into a mutiny, incorporating ships and shore establishments of the RIN throughout India, from Karachi to Bombay and from Vizag to Calcutta. Amongst the rallying cries of the ratings the central one was the INA trials and slogans invoking Subhas Bose. Significantly, the mutiny received massive militant public support. At some places, NCOs in the British Indian Army started ignoring orders from British superiors. In Madras and Pune, the British garrisons had to face revolts within the ranks of the British Indian Army.
Fay(Fay, Peter W. (1993), The Forgotten Army: India's Armed Struggle for Independence,) records Auchinleck as having sent a "Personal and Secret" letter to all senior British officers as having explained the remissions of the sentences in the first trial as
“...practically all are sure that any attempt to enforce the sentence would have led to chaos in the country at large, and probably to mutiny and dissension in the Army, culminating in its dissolution”
Thus it could be argued that the actions of Chandra Bose did have a direct and very significant effect on the course of the Indian independence struggle. A considerable number of historians now agree that Chandra Bose did play a very important role in India’s Freedom Struggle on par with that of Gandhi.
He was the first to call for complete freedom while others like Gandhi were for a phased one.
His policies also forced the British to rethink the date of Indian Independence as they could not have governed India without the Support of the Indian army, an Army which did mutiny right after World War 2, in response to the red fort trials of the ex INA soldiers. Although the military campaigns did not lead directly to India’s Independence, the postwar trials of INA officers served as a catalyst for India’s Independence.
Gandhi and Bose, even though they espoused different ideologies had the utmost respect to each other. In a speech broadcast by the Azad Hind Radio from Singapore on July 6, 1944, Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the "Father of the Nation". This was the first time that Mahatma Gandhi was referred to by this appellation. Gandhi called Bose the "Prince among the Patriots".
A short Video/audio record of the Speech Bose gave to the INA before its first battle where he spells out his desire for freedom
The Renkoji Shrine in Japan
Renkōji Temple is a Buddhist temple in Tokyo, Japan. It is the purported location of the ashes of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian freedom-fighter, which have been preserved since September 18, 1945
The ashes of Subhas Chandra Bose came to the temple for the purpose of a funeral ceremony but Rev. Mochizuki, father of the present chief monk, agreed to keep them in safe custody. Bose's funeral was held at 8:00 p.m. on September 18, 1945.<2> Netaji’s associates observe his death anniversary on August 18 at the temple every year. Over the years, several Indian officials have visited Renkoji to pay their respects to Subhas Chandra Bose
The ashes of Netaji are placed in a small pagoda inside the Temple.
ps: This post started as a brief one…but turned out to be quite long…..and is my first journal post as well
Some interesting websites
PPS: I have extensively used online materiel for this post, I apologize for not being able to cite all of my references.
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